a) Best practice 1 – Generalized access to training for disabled persons
The purpose of the law is to make general training schemes accessible to disabled persons, in addition to which some specific training programmes can be implemented.
- To promote employment, the 2005 law organised the implementation of a national policy associating all the stakeholders involved in vocational training and employment: The government, the public employment service, AGEFIPH, the intervention fund FIPHFP, the Regional Councils, training institutions and the associations that represent disabled persons
- The people who are recognised as disabled workers by CDAPH can benefit from a specific training offer: Centres for vocational re-education allow the disabled workers faced with the need for professional retraining (as a consequence of a loss of aptitude, in most cases) to have access to courses ranging from guidance to qualification in an adapted medical, psychological and social environment.
- Centres for vocational re-education: Every year, over 11,000 beneficiaries attend some 240 qualifying courses in 90 centres in France; 66 % of the trainees find a job within 1 year after completing of their training.
b) Best practice 2–Financial aids and services in favour of employment
- The law gave AGEFIPH the mission to improve handicapped workers’ access to employment, to help companies recruit and maintain their handicapped workers and to improve knowledge about the handicapped working population.
- The law also defined 2 main tools to support the public policies in favour of the handicapped: financial aids and services.
- In parallel, the law associates and FIPHFP by means of an agreement that defines tools and services for more efficient access to the labour market and permanence in employment of the handicapped in the public and private sectors.
Financial aids represent 60 % of the funding provided by AGEFIPH.
- They can be allocated directly to the persons for 6 types of action: work on a vocational project, training, access to employment, compensation of handicap, on-the-job support, business creation or takeover.
- Companies can receive financial aid to set up a policy in favour of handicapped workers. This concerns: the recruitment of a disabled worker, maintenance in employment, adaptation of work stations or management of integration and professional evolution of the company‘s disabled workers.
c) Best practice 3 – A coordinated network of specialized stakeholders
- Institutional stakeholders
- Consultative authorities
The Interministerial Committee for Handicap
The National Consultative Council for the Disabled
The National Observatory on Training, Research and Innovation on Handicap
- Institutions for support towards employment
MDPH (Department Houses for the Disabled) : MDPH are established in every French county and welcome, inform and provide guidance and advice to the disabled and their families.
- Services provided by specialists
- Services and allowances are offered by AGEFIPH to disabled persons and companies and account for 40% all the financial allowances.
- Such services are provided by a network of selected specialists coordinated by AGEFIPH: Cap Emploi for work placement, Vie au Travail for the optimisation of workers‘employability, SAMETH for support in employment and ALTHER for advice to employers.
- These institutions provide services on behalf of AGEFIPH on the whole national territory.
99 Sameth selected by Agefiph and the Fund for the Integration of Handicapped Persons in Public Service (FIPHFP). Sameth exist in all French « departements » except in Mayotte.
- Mission: to support companies, salaried workers or self-employed workers faced with the risk of losing their job due to a situation of handicap.
- The support provided by Sameth aims at finding a solution to maintain the worker in employment within the company.
- Sameth will call upon all possible human, technical and financial aids to maintain the worker in employment.
Associations as stakeholders
The vast majority of associations gather handicapped people and their families or friends. They are interlocutors at all levels of the public institutions. Some of them even manage homes and services for handicapped beneficiaries.
- Cap emploi 102 institution cofunded by Agefiph, Pôle emploi and the Fund for the Integration of Disabled Persons in Civil Service (FIPHFP).
- Mission: To provide local proximity service to support handicapped jobseekers towards employment and companies when recruiting and integrating handicapped workers.
- Alther 66 service providers with a label given by Agefiph
- Mission: To advise companies to determine the means that will allow them to meet their obligation to employ handicapped workers; to help companies implement actions in response to their specific needs.
- Intervenes in companies with 20 to 250 workers and in priority with those recently subjected to the obligation to employ handicapped workers or those that have not yet taken specific action in favour of the employment of disabled workers.
- ADAPT - Association for the social and professional inclusion of handicapped persons
- APAJH - Association for adult and young disabled
- APF - Association of the paralysed of France
- FAGERH - Federation of associations that manage readaptation institutions for handicapped persons
- FNATH – National Federation of victims of labour accidents and the handicapped
- UNAPEI – National Union of Associations of Inadapted Children’s parents.